Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) is performed to remove blockages present in cardiac blood vessels. This type of heart surgery is usually performed in times of emergency when the patient has already suffered from heart attack. In case of heart attack, it is indispensable that patient receives help within an hour. Blood clot formed can quickly obstruct supply of blood to heart and hence, tablet like aspirin is recommended. It acts as a blood thinner and prevents formation of clots.Best Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Hospitals in Mumbai
Heart is the prime organ responsible for blood circulation. Pure blood is circulated to whole body through a network of arteries. These arteries then further divide into capillaries which reach out to each and every cell where exchange of oxygen in return of waste products formed in cell takes place. These arteries then combine together to form vein-lets which eventually join to become veins. These veins bring de-oxygenated blood or blood that is deprived of oxygen from all parts of body to the heart. This gives you basic idea about how blood circulation takes place in our body.
The procedure of angioplasty commences with making an incision on groin, arm or wrist. Through this incision, catheter is inserted into one of the arteries. At one end of catheter, an inflated balloon is fitted. The catheter is then guided towards the plaque or clot and with the help of balloon, the plaque is pushed outside. This action also widens artery and regulates blood flow.
Patient may need to stay in the hospital overnight to check the outcome of the surgery and also to assess whether the surgery has produced any complications or not. Post surgery, if you suffer from any of these symptoms like chest pain , dizziness, high fever, consistent shortness of breath etc., contact your cardiologist as early as possible. One may also opt for cardiac rehabilitation programme where doctor guides patient regarding changes in diet and physical exercises.