Fissurectomy is a surgical approach for fixing anal fissures. Anal fissures are tears or cracks in your anus or anal canal. They may either be acute or chronic in nature. Chronic fissures are hard to fix using medicines. In such cases, surgery is the only option remaining.Best Anal Fissure Surgery Hospitals in Pune
Anal fissures are caused by traumatic pressure on lining of the anus. This pressure can be due to unusual, hard or frequent bowel movements. Patients having a tight anal sphincter muscle are more likely to develop anal fissures. Other causes include inflammatory bowel diseases, anal infections, or tumors.Symptoms
The most common symptom of anal fissure is experiencing terrible pain while passing stools. This pain lasts for several minutes to few hours. Other symptoms include:
Acute anal fissures can be fixed using various medications and therapies. Chronic fissures are harder to treat using medicines only. Most chronic fissure cases require surgery. The aim of fissurectomy is to relax anal sphincter muscles in order to reduce pain and allow the fissure to heal. Stitches are required to fix the fissures.
Anal Fissure surgery is an out patient procedure. One can resume work and daily activity after few days of surgery. Healing phase will require 6-10 weeks for its completion. Patients are advised to keep a good bowel habit and eat healthy high-fibre diet. Hard or loose bowel movements can delay the healing process.
Fissures can reoccur after continuous hard bowel movements or trauma. Patients must ensure that they follow all necessary instructions that the doctor provides them. Periodically consult your doctor after the surgery to know about the progress of your recovery.