Blood is constantly supplied to the heart for its healthy functioning through the arteries. Smooth supply of blood is restricted when the arteries are hardened due to deposition of plaque on it. Arterial plaque can inhibit blood supply and even cause blockages in the heart. Like wise, coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure prescribed to patients suffering from this condition. A coronary angioplasty is done in emergency situations when a patient has been brought in after suffering from a heart attack.
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A coronary angioplasty can correct the arterial hardening and also restore the supply of blood to the heart. Also, a coronary angiography is recommended by doctors when medication is ineffective.
The procedure for coronary angioplasty begins with insertion of a catheter into one of the arteries. This is done my making an incision in the groin, wrist or arm. The catheter tube is fit with a balloon on one of its end. The inflated balloon is then used to push the plaque outside. This process widens the artery and thus even the blood supply happens normally.
In case of a stent, balloon is inserted around it. The stent is left inside for easy flow of blood permanently.
Stents assist in keeping the coronary artery open. Stents are designed in such a way that they prevent recurrence of blockages in the heart. They are also referred to as coronary stents or cardiac stents.
Most people are allowed to return home on the same day as the surgery.
Immediately contact your doctor if you see even one of the following symptoms: High fever, an irregular pulse, undue fatigue or dizzy feeling, numbness in the skin area around the catheter, pain in chest and persistent shortness of breath.
Doctor could refer you to a cardiac rehabilitation program where experts counsel heart patients regarding their health, physical exercises, dietary changes.
Also, post angioplasty, in order to lead a healthy life ahead, the patient should incorporate major lifestyle changes. Patient should quit smoking, and start consuming a healthy diet.