Hemorrhoids is the medical term that refers to swollen and inflamed blood vessels around the anal area in males and females alike. Pregnant women are more susceptible to get diagnosed with piles. Visit a doctor immediately if you see one or few of the given symptoms - itchy anal skin, blood in your stools, lump around anus. The surgical procedure prescribed by doctors for treating this condition is known as Haemorrhoidectomy. Surgery is recommended only if other non-surgical treatments like banding and sclerotherapy are ineffective.
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Prior to the surgery, the patient is expected to be on an empty stomach atleast 6 hours before the surgery.
The patient is administered with general anaesthesia before the surgery starts. The anus is gently opened and stretched. The piles are then cut off after this with the help of diathermy. Diathermy involves passing high frequency electrical currents for heating muscular tissues. Applying heat to the muscular tissue facilitates blood flow and accelerates tissue repair. The operation takes about 45 minutes for completion.
Bleeding to a small extent post surgery is possible. However, the patient should inform the doctor if there is heavy blood loss.
Post surgery the patient is shifted to a room where he is kept under observation Patients are given pain-killers to reduce pain. Drinking eight to ten glasses of water per day is very important as this facilitates smooth functioning of the bladder. Also regular stool softeners are prescribed to the patients for initial 4-6 weeks.
Trips to the lavatory shouldn't be avoided by patients if they experience pain in bowel movements. Patients are advised against lifting heavy objects or rigorous physical activity for atleast 6 weeks after the surgery.