Tonsils are 2 oval shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat. Extraction of tonsils through medical treatment is known as tonsillectomy.
You need a tonsillectomy when symptoms such as sore throat, swelling inside throat, discoloration of the tonsils, trouble in swallowing food and liquids, are visible or experienced.
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Tonsillectomy procedure not only cures tonsil problems but also sleep apnea, heavy snoring, carcinogenic tissues in the tonsils. It is a painless procedure because the patient doesn't feel a thing owing to the general anaesthesia given to him to render him unconscious. Adults are given local anaesthesia while children are given general anaesthesia.
Prior to the procedure, the patient is expected to be on an empty stomach. It helps the patient to feel relaxed even after anaesthesia and negates any chance of nauseatic experience.
Adults as well as children are operated for tonsillitis. The tonsillectomy procedure is carried out using 2 techniques: Cauterization and cold knife dissection. In the first method, the tissues surrounding the tonsils are burned through cauterization. Whereas the tonsils are removed with a scalpel in the cold knife dissection procedure. Tonsillectomy procedures usually get over within 30 minutes. The patient can return home the same day as the surgery.
The surgery is painless but the path to recovery isn't very smooth. The patient is likely to experience pain while recovering fully. Doctors prescribe pain killers to the patient which could alleviate his/her pain to some extent.
Fluid intake, eating solid foodstuff is very important to maintain energy levels in the body. This will also help in faster healing of the throat. The patient is likely to have bad breath for a few days following the surgery.