Cystoscopy is the process undertaken by urologists to examine the urinary tract of patients. This procedure is performed using a medical instrument called cystoscope. This is an optical instrument having an eyepiece on one end. It enables the doctor to look through the urethra and the bladder. The cytoscope is inserted in the patient's bladder.
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The doctor will inject one local anaesthetic in the patient's urethra. The bladder is then filled with water or saline through the cystoscope. This makes the bladder outstretched; thus making its insides easily visible to the urologist.
Tissue samples are taken by the doctor during cystoscopy for further lab testing. The cystoscopy procedure is usually completed within 15-30 minutes. The patient can go home soon after the surgery is done.
Post surgery the patient is allowed to resume his or her normal routine shortly after. Drinking 16 ounces of water for the initial 2 hours post the surgery is advisable. This reduces irritation by flushing out toxins from your system.
Cystoscopy is prescribed if a patient experiences pelvic pain, has an urge to empty his bladder too frequently or urinary tract infections. It eases the pain of a burning sensation in urine as well as blood coming out of the urethra.
Patients are asked to avoid driving for a day after the surgery. They are also advised to take complete rest for the day following the surgery. Drinking alcohol, moving heavy objects is inadvisable too.
It could be reason for danger if any of the following signs are visible in the patient: a burning sensation in urine, bright red blood in urine, excessive urination.
In order to prevent any infections, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics for a couple of days.