Kidney dialysis is also known as haemodialysis or simply dialysis. It is carried out on any individual whose kidneys do not function properly. People who have advanced chronic kidney disease or kidney failure in colloquial terms are given regular dialysis.
Haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are 2 types of dialysis. Of which haemodialysis is the most commonly known form of dialysis. It purifies the blood and also extracts waste products from it. Haemodialysis treatment is carried out routinely in big hospitals as well as clinics.
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Each session of haemodialysis lasts for over 4 hours and is given 3 times a week. The dialysis treatment entails extracting blood from the patient's arm through a tube into a machine where it gets treated and filtered. Further, the blood is transmitted back into the arm through a different tube. After the dialysis, the needles previously inserted into your fistula are extracted and a plaster is applied to limit the bleeding.
Patients may have to limit his/her intake of potassium, phosphorous, sodium and certain liquids in their diet. Whereas the protein intake in the diet is advised to be increased by the doctor. Haemodialysis is a painless procedure, nevertheless the patient could feel a bit of sickness and a dizzy feeling. S/he could also experience muscle cramps in course of the procedure.
Contact your doctor immediately if any of the following indications are experienced:
Nausea, loss of appetite due to vomiting sensation, increased heartbeat, pain in chest, dizziness, fingers turning pale or blue in color.