Septoplasty is a medical procedure recommended by doctors to correct a deviated septum present in the nose. A deviated septum is present in some people by birth, while some acquire it due to some nose injury. A deviated septum causes difficulty in breathing and bleeding problems in the nose. It is also termed as submucous resection of the septum, or also septal reconstruction.
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The procedure for septoplasty is performed using a medical instrument called an endoscope. This is a thin instrument having a light on one end and a camera on the other. This instrument is used during the surgery as it enables the doctor to look inside the nasal passage and examine the septum area.
An incision is made on one side of the nose. This separates mucosa from cartilage and bone. The bent cartilage is then straightened by the doctor and the mucous membrane is repositioned. Stitches are made to hold the membrane and septum together. The procedure lasts anything between 30-90 minutes.
Septoplasty is not only carried for correction of a deviated septum, but also to treat sinusitis, treatment of sleep apnea, removing nasal polyps.
Post surgery, the patient is allowed to go home the same day. The doctor prescribes pain killers. The patient is also advised against consumption of blood-thinning drugs and medicines.
Patients are advised against playing sports such as Football, squash, rugby etc. as this could attract bleeding and thus loss of blood. Carrying out intense exercises in the gymnasium are unadvisable too. Such physical activities do not help fast recovery and hence are advised against.
Sometimes patients require a second surgery for reshaping the nose and septum. However shifting of nasal tissues and blocked airflow also give rise to a need for re- surgery.