Caesarean section or C-section surgery is another method of childbirth apart from normal delivery. Caesarean section is done only when the normal vaginal birth method is difficult to be carried out. Normally this technique is preferred by doctors when the expectant mother experiences complications like slipping of the umbilical chord from the cervix, diabetic condition, twin births and inadequate oxygen being delivered to the foetus.
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Prior to the delivery, an IV(Intravenous) tube is inserted into the arm. This is done for ease of injecting medicines and fluid into the body of the expectant mother during surgery. A catheter is then inserted into her bladder for a whole day for urine elimination.
Anesthesia is given to the mother to numb her abdomen and legs. The c-section starts after the doctor has made an incision into the abdomen. A horizontal or vertical second incision in the uterus above the pubic line, enables the doctor to take out the newborn infant. The baby's nose and mouth are cleaned to allow it ease of breathing. Subsequently, the obstetrician stitches up the uterus. The procedure usually gets done in 1-2 hours.
Post the delivery, the baby and its mother have to stay in the hospital for 3-4 days. Pain-killers are prescribed by the doctor for alleviation of pain experienced by the mother. Mobility and movements like walking to the bathroom is encouraged to cut down the chances of blood clots.
Women also experience bleeding in their vagina post delivery for 4-6 weeks ahead. Pads can be used for that period. The catheter placed earlier before the surgery is taken out the next day.
Proper post-operative care is a must for mothers to recover well. It entails avoiding driving, housework, exercise or lifting heavy objects for several weeks after the baby's birth. Drinking plenty of fluids for restoration of the fluid count in the body is very important. Complete rest for the initial few weeks is an absolute must. It ensures smooth recovery of the mother; both-emotionally as well as physically, post the delivery. Closely following the instructions provided by your doctor can ease some of the pains and make your delivery a memorable experience.
You need to contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following signs - panic attacks, pain emanating from the incision, fever above 100 degrees, a burning sensation while passing urine.
A postpartum visit to the doctor for a checkup after 2 weeks of the birth is important. The doctor then checks if the incision is healing well or not.