Uterus of a woman is removed when she has endometriosis, uterine fibroids, heavy or unusual vaginal bleeding, cancer of the uterus or ovary. This is done through a medical procedure called hysterectomy. Laparoscopic hysterectomy is one of the sub-types of the hysterectomy procedure. It is a minimally invasive procedure to remove the uterus. Compared to the other subtypes - abdominal hysterectomy and vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic surgery is less painful and also has a lesser risk of infection. Moreover, the stay at the hospital is less too. The patient is able to return to her normal activities sooner.
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There are few pre-operative blood tests the patient has to undergo few days before the surgery. These tests are required for the doctor to know whether the patient is fit to undergo surgery. It is better to inform the doctor about allergy to specific drugs, if any. On the actual day, the patient needs to strictly be on an empty stomach. An intravenous therapy tube to inject medications and fluids is attached to the patient's hand.
In the laparoscopic method, the doctor first creates small incisions into the abdomen. The doctor uses a medical instrument called a laparoscope for inspecting the uterus and pelvic organs closely. A laparoscope is a long fiber optic cable system having camera on one end and a high-intensity light on the other. Once the uterus is visible to the doctor, he removes the uterus. The incisions enable the doctor to remove the pieces of uterus.
Post hysterectomy, the patient recovers in 3-4 weeks' time. During the patient's stay in the hospital, the vital organs of the patient are monitored. The patient is also prescribed with painkillers for minimizing pain. The patient is asked to walk around to prevent formation of blood clots in her legs. However it is important to maintain the habit of going on walks even post discharge from the hospital. Moving or lifting heavy objects, bending down, intercourse should be avoided for few weeks, post surgery.